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2018年杭州中考英语周周练——阅读典型题讲解技巧分享(一)

2018-01-02 15:52:22  来源:杭州爱智康

    只有坚持学习,才能够一直保持对知识的深刻认识,对做题的熟练感觉,并且通过一次又一次的练习,及时查漏补缺,提升自己的水平杭州爱智康老师为大家整理了2018年杭州中考英语备考周周练,本文为2018年杭州中考英语周周练——阅读典型题讲解技巧分享(一) ,供大家练习使用。

 

  本讲内容大纲:

  v 1. 真题演练

  v 2. 方法总结

  v3.课后练习

  01

  真题演练

  Welcome Aboard Your Piccadilly Flight To Heathrow

  The Piccadilly line to Heathrow(伦敦希思罗机场) is not only the most convenient way to travel but also the most cost-effective.So the next time you're traveling to Heathrow,make sure you fly Piccadilly line.

  Your Piccadilly flight features:

  --Departures(发车)from 36 stops on the Piccadilly line,or from over 200 stations, only one change way

  --Service every 5 minutes to and from Heathrow throughout the day

  --Journeys from central London taking less than 50 minutes

  --Only £3.70 for a single adult fare

  --See tables below for journey times

  Fares to and from London

  Adult single £3.70

  Child single £1.50

  If you are traveling as a group,then you are allowed to use the Family Travel card, which means each adult can travel for £3.40 and each child for £0.80.

  Attention

  90minutes in advance(提前)to the airport for boarding pass.

2018年杭州中考英语周周练——阅读典型题讲解技巧分享(一)

  16. At what time does the last train leave for Earls Court on Sunday?

  A.00:43

  B.23:30

  C.23:49

  D.00:32

  思路点拔:B. 细节理解题,根据关键词last train leave for Earls Court on Sunday,信息定位到第二张表格,第一行最后,可以看到星期天最后一列前往伯爵宫(Earls Court)的火车为23:30,因此选B。

  17. If Mr. Smith goes to Heathrow with his kid, how much should he pay?

  A. £4.20

  B.£5.00

  C.£5.20

  D.£6.70

  思路点拔:C. 推理判断题。根据关键词Mr. Smith……with his kid,信息定位到Fares to and from London后面价目信息,即每个大人票价为£3.7,每个小孩票价为£1.5,故选C。

  注意:本题中A选项干扰性较大,学生容易将价格算成£4.2,原因在于:文章信息 “If you are traveling as a group, then you are allowed to use the Family Travel card, which means each adult can travel for £3.40 and each child for £0.80.”翻译为:如果你们以团队形式出游,那么你们可以使用家庭旅游卡,也就意味着每个成人票价£3.40,每个小孩票价£3.40。但要注意,实际生活中,家庭票意味着父母双方再加一个孩子,而本题中只有爸爸和孩子两个人,并不能使用家庭旅游卡。

  18. Mr. Smith will fly to Germany at 8:15 next Saturday,so what time should he leave from Piccadilly Circus?

  A.7:25

  B.6:45

  C.6:00

  D.5:55

  思路点拔:D. 推理判断题。首先让我们一起来解读一下这道题目,也就是说史密斯先生要在下周六8:15飞往德国,题目问他应该在几点钟从皮卡迪利广场(Piccadilly Circus)离开?那么,他要飞往德国的肯定先要坐火车继而到达希斯罗机场。根据关键词 fly to Germany at 8:15 next Saturday……leave from Piccadilly Circus,定位到第一张表格以及Attention的部分,从表格中我们可以看出,从皮卡迪利广场到希斯罗机场需要49分钟,第一班火车从5:45分开始运行,每五分钟一班,8:15减掉路上花费的49mins为7:26,根据Attention中的提示,乘客必须提前90mins到达登机口,7:26再减去90分钟为5:56分,因为火车每五分钟一班,因此这位先生的应该从5:55分从皮卡迪利广场出发。

  19. If you travel with your parents as a child,what is your best choice?

  A. You can play full fare.

  B. You’d better use the family travel card.

  C. Each pays for his or her own.

  D. You can ask for free tickets.

  思路点拔:B。根据关键词If you travel with your parents as a child,信息定位到Fares to and from London后面部分 If you are traveling as a group,then you are allowed to use the Family Travel card, 因此答案选B。

  文澜中学2016学年第一学期期末考试初三英语试卷B篇

  The friendship between humans and dogs possibly began 14,000 years ago.

  Here are four examples of “a dog’s life” in the human world today.

  Treated like a queen

  Tiffy is one of these dogs. Her owner, Nancy Iane Loewy, treats her like a queen. She patiently prepares Tiffy's meals of meat, fish, chicken and different kinds of fresh vegetables. Tiffy also eats yoghurt and biscuits after dinner. Loewy's husband has a very good job and her two sons are away at university, so she has the time and money to treat Tiffy very well, and she truly enjoys doing it. "I want to give her the healthiest, most wonderful life as long as possible," she says.

  Food sniffer dogs(嗅探犬)

  Food sniffer dogs work at international airports in the United States. Their job is to smell and find illegal(不合法的) fruits, vegetables and other foods in bags and mail. These foods sometimes bring insects and diseases which could be dangerous for plants and animals. The dog calmly sits down next to anything that smells suspicious(可疑的) . The dog's human partner then checks for illegal foods. Sniffer dogs are friendly and cute, so they don't scare people as they sniff through the crowds. More importantly, these dogs have an astonishing nose for food. They can find food in bags 84% of the time.

  Animal carers

  Jessie is a whippet(水灵狗) that visits very sick children in hospital. She shows them her love and when they feel down, Jessie makes them happy. Jessie helps patients to stay strong during their time in hospital.

  There are many different kinds of animals that help people. We train "service dogs" to help people with physical disabilities. The best known service dogs are guides for the blind. But they can also learn to __________, tum lights on and off, pick up objects from the floor and even pull wheelchairs.

  Doggie detectives (侦探犬)

  Search-and-rescue (SAR) dogs use their amazing noses to find people. They can smell tiny clues(绒索) that people leave wherever they go. These include bacteria(细菌) , small pieces of clothing and hairs. They may find missing hikers and search through rubble(碎石) after earthquakes and other disasters.

  19. What food does Tiffy eat?

  A. Only yoghurt and biscuits.

  B. Anything except vegetables

  C. Normal dog food from shops.

  D. Home-cooked meals.

  思路点拔:D.细节理解题。根据关键词Tiffy, food, 信息定位到Treated like a queen后面部分,根据本段第三句She patiently prepares Tiffy's meals of meat, fish, chicken and different kinds of fresh vegetables.她耐心地准备着Tiffy的食物:肉,鱼肉,鸡肉和各种新鲜蔬菜,可知Tiffy的食物都是由主人在家里精心制作的。故选D。

  20. Which of the following is the best expression to fill in the blank in the passage?

  A. look for missing hikers

  B. open and close doors

  C. do any tasks for people

  D. follow people here and there

  思路点拔:B. 填空题。此类题型类似于猜词题,可从前后句及前后文着手,信息定位最后第二段最后一句,根据横线后信息tum lights on and off, pick up objects from the floor and even pull wheelchairs.可知并列成分皆与行为动作有关,且与日常生活中的一些事物有联系,因此选B。

  21. What kind of dogs is the most helpful when a child is lost?

  A. SAR dogs.

  B. Whippet dogs.

  C. Sniffer dogs.

  D. Queen dogs.

  思路点拔:A. 推理判断题。根据关键词when a child is lost,信息定位最后一段第一句,Search-and-rescue (SAR) dogs use their amazing noses to find people. SAR犬使用它们惊人的鼻子找到人们。因此选A。

  22. What’s the purpose of the passage

  A. To introduce different kinds of food sniffer dogs.

  B. To tell the readers the importance of protecting animals.

  C. To show the special relationships between dogs and humans.

  D. To share with the readers the pleasure of keeping dogs as pet

  思路点拔:C. 主旨大意题。文章开头作者就告诉我们狗和人类的友谊从14000年前就开始了,在接下来文章中向我们介绍了许多狗和我们人类生活的关系。这都说明了人类和狗有着非常密切的关系,是彼此的好朋友,因此选C。而其他选项中:A选项,虽然文章有提到,但只属于文章的一个小小的组成部分,属于以偏概全;B选项,文章中并没有提及保护动物的相关内容,属于无中生有;D选项,文章虽然在开头有提到Tiffy的案例,但后面文章所提及的犬类并不属于宠物,也是属于以偏概全。

  03

  方法总结

  Ø 总结:

  做阅读的时候注意解题步骤:

  一细节事实题

  1、细节事实题题干常见的问句形式:

  1)True or NOT true 是非判断类型

  Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

  Which of the following statements is NOT true?

  According to the passage, which of the following is NOT mentioned as one of the reasons for……?

  2)特殊疑问类型How many……?/What/who/when/where/how/why……?

  3)排序题类型Which of the orders is correct according to the passage?

  2、细节事实题的解题方法:

  找出题干或选项中的关键字,主要为名词和形容词、特别是数字、大写或人名地名等能帮助我们快速在原文中定位,确定该细节在文中的出处(信息源), 仔细对照题干要求,排除或选择,记得在选项边做好对错的标记。若该信息句是长句或难句,要学会找出其主干部分,分析句子结构,正确理解信息句的意义。

  迷惑选项:偷梁换柱、无中生有、因果倒置、答非所问、主观臆断。

  二、主旨大意题

  1、主旨大意题题干常见的问句形式:

  1)考查文章的中心思想

  The main idea/key point of this passage is that ________.

  The passage is mainly about ________.

  2)考查文章标题的选择

  The best title/headline for this passage is ________.

  Which of the following is the best title?

  3)考查作者的写作态度和意图

  What is the author’s main purpose in this passage?

  The writer’s purpose in writing this story is ________.

  4)考查文章段落大意的理解

  In Paragraph 2 the author aims to tell us ________.

  2、主旨大意题的解题方法:

  1)分清主次,抓住主干,找出主题句。

  2)理清层次关系,选出最佳标题

  3)抓住关键词,判断作者意图

  作者在描述事实或传递信息时,不管他的意图是什么,其观点和态度都不可避免地在文章中反映出来。这就要求考生在阅读时应特别注意文章的措辞,尤其注意那些表达感情色彩的形容词,以及作者对人物语言、行为和思想的描写,从中领悟作者的写作意图和态度。

  三推理引申题

  推理引申题主要测试考生理清上下文逻辑关系的能力,要求考生领悟所读材料中句子之间的逻辑关系,并且根据材料提供的已知信息进行分析、归纳和推理。

  1、推理引申题题干常见的问句形式:

  It can be inferred from the text/the last paragraph/the first sentence that…

  We can infer that…

  The author suggests in the passage that…

  From the passage /the third paragraph/the last sentence/the example that we can draw the conclusion that …

  2、推理引申题的解题方法:

  与事实细节题不同,推理引申题的答案是以事实和观点为依据进行分析和研究,按照事实发展的逻辑次序,得出结论,此结论不能与文章描述重合。

  四词义猜测题

  词义猜测是利用上下文语境对某些生词、难句做出推测和判断。该题旨在考查学生根据上下文推断词汇的能力,因而,所考单词的意义通常超出大纲范围。

  1、词义猜测题题干常见的问句形式:

  The word / phrase…… means / refers to……

  From the passage,we can infer the word…… is closest in meaning to……

  What does the word…… in paragraph……mean?

  2、词义猜测题的解题方法:

  一: 熟练掌握大纲单词,平时注意积累生词和短语。

  二: 把词放到句子里,把句子放在段落里,从句子和上下文的含义进行推断。

  三: 注意词、句的位置,确定结构关系。

  四: 注意连词及起关键作用的副词、代词、介词、插入语等。因为这些词具有因果,让步,递进,转折,指代,列举及承上启下等各种连接上下文的特殊功能,能够帮助判断词义。

  讲解了这么多,同学们是否有所收获?下面就来练习一下,看看成果如何。

  04

  课后练习

  杭州市下城区期末统考卷阅读C篇

  The first time I ever really noticed a disabled person, I was studying in the third grade I saw some disabled people before, but I never really knew or cared about what those persons go through.

  When a new student arrived in my third grade class, I thought it would just be a common student,but this student was different.His name was Derek and he had autism(孤独症). He sometimes had random outbursts( 随意的发作)during class and we would stand there, doing nothing because we didn't know why he was doing that.When he sat down at desk,we would try to get away from him.After class, we would play jokes on cach other , imitating(模仿) Derek, and laughing about it.

  Then one day, Derek's mom came to our class and talked with us. She told us that Derek wasn't just having random outbursts--he was trying to communicate. Then she chose a volunteer and filled that person's mouth with soft sweets. When we found the volunteer had great trouble in trying to speak, the mother explained that was what Derek was going through every day. We all understood her meaning.

  After this talk, no one tried to make fun of Derek or run away from him. We accepted his outbursts in class and he became one of our friends. Having a class with Derek has taught me to have an open mind to those who are different from us. My experience in having an autistic classmate has provided me with a good lesson.

  Now whenever I meet a family with a child who's behaving differently, I always remember what I have learned in my third grade class and go up to him or her.

  ( )21. What did the writer think of the boy before the mother's talk?

  A. Friendly.

  B. Strange.

  C. Humorous.

  D . Silent.

  ( )22. Which order is right according to the passage?

  ①Derek arrived in my class.

  ②We got on well with Derek.

  ③Derek's mom talked to us.

  ④We got away from him.

  A.③①④②

  B.③①②④

  C.①③②④

  D.①④③②

  ( )23. According to Derek's mother,'Derek .

  A. didn't like the way others treated him

  B. was too shy to be with others

  C. had problems in expressing himself

  D. was good at communicating with others

  ( )24. The underlined phrase “go through”in Paragraph 1probably means“ ”.

  A. experience

  B. produce

  C. expect

  D. believe

  ( )25.Which is the best title for the passage?

  A. Living with an open mind.

  B. Believing in yourself.

  C. Behaving in different ways.

  D. Making friends with the disabled.

  上城区2016学年初三第一学期期末教学质量检测一阅读D篇

  A new camera made by a company named Netatmo has facial recognition software(软件) that can tell parents at work that their children have returned from school, or that a package has been taken to their home. It can also tell them if a stranger has entered for Netatmo.

  Janina Mattausch is a marketing manager for Netatmo.

  “The common security (安全)cameras at present are not that smart. So, they can tell you if something is moving but they don’t necessarily know if it’s a human being or, ah, if it’s your kids – they don’t know the difference, so they will warn you all the time.”

  When family members enter a home, the new camera “recognizes”(识别)them and sends information to the owner’s smartphone. The owner can choose to see the video then or later. But if an unknown person enters a home, the camera will send the owner a warning that will cause an alarm to sound on the owner’s smartphone.

  That is what happened recently to a smart home camera owner named Damien. He lives in Paris.

  “On a Friday I was at work, attening a big monthly meeting when my phone warned. At first I told myself ‘Oh, it must be a mistake, maybe I have to set the system again.’- but the notice on my phone was telling me that there was a movement in my flat and also a face that the software did not recognize.”

  He watched the video and was very surprised by what he saw.

  “I saw a person I did not know with his shoes on.” I was watching it live on video. So I felt totally unbelievable, frozen. I asked a workmate to take me back home as fast as possible and I called the police on the way.” With the help of the video, the police found the stranger later that day.

  27. In the passage, the writer described ________ kinds of camera.

  A. one

  B. two

  C. three

  D. four

  28. The fourth paragraph mainly tells us__________.

  A. where the new camera is placed

  B.what the new camera looks like

  C.how the owner uses the camera

  D.how the new camera works

  29. We can learn from the passage that Damien_________.

  A.found the warning was a mistake

  B.was too busy to notice the warning

  C.felt shocked to see a stranger in his flat

  D.caught the stranger by himself that day

  30.By________, the writer made us believe that the new camera worked well.

  A. giving an example B. making a survey

  C. doing an experiment C. having a speech


 

    大家在学习2018年杭州中考英语周周练——阅读典型题讲解技巧分享(一)之后,对中考备考冲刺课程有任何的问题,请点在线咨询或直接拨打免费咨询电话: 4000-121-121 !有专业的老师为您解答!

 

 

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