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2018年杭州中考英语周周练——完型填空基本思路与方法指导

2018-01-12 11:42:01  来源:杭州爱智康

    英语是一种拼音文字,单词是该语言的基础。熟练地掌握单词是学好英语必需的步骤。同时英语的语法,特别是动词的时态、语态以及在句子中的不同形式,与汉语有很大的区别。英语语法学习从理论讲是程序性知识的学习,仅靠记忆无法达到良好的效果。还必须要求学生具有良好的思维能力杭州爱智康老师为大家整理了2018年杭州中考英语备考周周练,本文为2018年杭州中考英语周周练——完型填空基本思路与方法指导,供大家练习使用。

 

2018年杭州中考英语周周练——完型填空基本思路与方法指导

 

  一、明确考向

  2016、2017年中考完形分析对比:

2018年杭州中考英语周周练——完型填空基本思路与方法指导

  完形素材:2016年(一只叫Bo的狗狗在海浪翻船后机智救主人Laurie的故事);2017年(两个体育英雄战胜病魔实现了不可能的梦想),都是记叙文。

  阅读量:2016年(270词);2017年(223词)。

  考点分析:17年完形填空对于十大词性的考察仍然集中在名词(考察对于文章主题的掌握)和动词(考察对于上下文的理解)两大词性。连词:(主要考察对于前后句子逻辑关系的理解)介词(固定搭配)。

  备考建议:完形填空考察学生的综合理解运用能力。此类题目需要大量的练习为基础,在题目设置中理解如何关注上下文。在此基础上,进行生词汇。词组的积累并进行高频记忆。

 

  二、期末真题链接

  (2016-2017学年文澜期末真题)

  It was the district sports meeting. My foot still hadn’t healed (痊愈) from a(n) early injury. I had ___36___ whether or not I should attend the meeting. But there I was, eager for the 3,000-meter run.

  “Ready … set …” The gun popped and we were off. The other girls rushed ___37___ me. I felt ashamed as I fell farther and farther behind.

  “Hooray!” shouted the crowd. It was the loudest ___38___ I had ever heard at a meeting. The first-place runner was two laps (圈) ahead of me when she crossed the finish line. “Maybe I should ___39___,” I thought as I moved on. ___40___, I decided to keep going. During the last two laps, I ran ___41___ and decided not to race in track next year. It wouldn’t be worth it___42___ my foot did heal.

  When I finished, I heard a cheer—— ___43___ than the one I’d heard earlier. I turned around and ___44___, the boys were preparing for their race. “They must be cheering for the boys.” I was leaving ___45___ several girls came up to me. “Wow, you’ve got courage!” one of them told me.

  “Courage? I just ___46___ a race!” I thought. “I would have given up on the first lap,” said another girl. “We were cheering for you. Did you hear us?”

  Suddenly I regained ___47___. I decided to stick with track next year. I realized strength and courage aren’t always ___48___ in medals and victories, but in the ___49___ we overcome(战胜). The strongest people are not always the people who win, ___50___ the people who don’t give up when they lose.

  36. A. expected B. supposed C. imagined D. doubted

  37. A. from behind B. ahead of C. next to D. close to

  38. A. cheer B. shout C. cry D. noise

  39. A. slow down B. give up C. go on D. speed up

  40. A. Therefore B. Otherwise C. Besides

  D. However

  41. A. with delight B. with fear C. in pain

  D. in advance

  42. A. even if B. only if C. unless D. until

  43. A. weaker B. longer C. lower D. louder

  44. A. well enough B. sure enough C. surprisingly enough D. strangely enough

  45. A. while B. when C. as D. since

  46. A. got B. won C. passed D. lost

  47. A. cheer B. hope C. interest D. experience

  48. A. measured B. praised C. tested D. increased

  49. A. sadness B. struggles C. diseases D. tiredness

  50. A. or B. nor C. and D. but

  KEYS:DBABD CADBB DBABD

  思路点拨

  36. D 考查动词。这是一个含有宾语从句的的复合句,考查的是主句的谓语动词。根据前文我有脚伤,所以我怀疑自己是否应该参加这个运动会。故选D

  37. B 考查动词词组。from behind从后面 ahead of在...前 next to 在旁边 close to接近 。根据前文可知,我脚伤了,跑不快,故其他的女孩们都跑在我前面。故选B

  36. A 考查名词。cheer欢呼;鼓舞 shout 呼喊 cry叫喊 noise 噪音。根据语境,我听到的是hooray加油、鼓舞的声音。故选A

  37. B 考查动词词组。slow down慢下来 give up 放弃 go on 继续 speed up加速。根据上下文,看到第一名到达终点的时候超了自己两圈,这时候我想我可能应该放弃了。故选B

  38. D 考查连词。Therefore 因此,Otherwise 否则,Besides 除了 ,However然而。确定好连词连接的两个句子,一个是‘ “可能我该放弃了”,我边跑边想。’,另一句是“我决定要继续跑。”显然两句话是转折关系,故选D

  39. C 考查介词短语。with delight 欣然,. with fear 害怕的, in pain 处于痛苦中,in advance提前。在最后的两圈,我跑步是处于痛苦中的(因为我脚伤还未好),我决定下一年不再跑步。故选C

  40. A 考查连词。even if 即使,only if 只有,unless 除非, until 直到。确定好连词连接的两个句子,一个是“这不值得”,另一个是“我的脚真的痊愈了”根据上下文可知,在这跑步的过程中,我的想法是即使我的脚真的痊愈了,也不值得参加这比赛。故选A。

  41. D 考查形容词。我听到了比我之前听到的还要大声的欢呼声。故选D

  42. B 考查副词短语。well enough 足够好地 , sure enough 足够确信地,surprisingly enough 足够惊喜地, strangely enough 足够奇怪地。从后文,我猜想“她们一定是在为男孩们欢呼”可知,我转身,足够确信,男孩们正在准备比赛。故选B

  43. B 考查连词。确定好连词连接的两个句子,一个是“我正要立刻”,另一个是“许多女孩想我走来”,两件事情同时进行,故选B

  44. D 考查动词。我刚刚输了比赛。故选D

  45. B 考查名词。cheer 鼓舞, hope希望,interest 兴趣, experience经验。根据前后文,突然我重新获得regain了希望。故选B

  46. A 考查动词。 measured 测量;衡量,praised 赞扬, tested 测试, increased 增加。根据前后文,我明白了力量和勇气不是由奖章和胜利衡量的。故选A

  47. B 考查名词。sadness 伤心 ,struggles 努力;挣扎,diseases 疾病,tiredness 疲惫。根据前后文, 我明白了力量和勇气不是由奖章和胜利衡量的,而是在我们战胜的努力中体现的。故选B

  48. D 考查连词。确定好连词连接的部分,一个是“最强的人不总是那些胜利的人”,另一个是“当他们失败也不放弃的人”,这两类人是完全不同的,故选D

  三、技巧与方法

  完形填空题的特点 其主要考查内容为:

  ① 词语辨析、基本句型、基础语法;

  ② 固定搭配与习惯表达;

  ③ 阅读理解能力和逻辑推理能力。

  近年来,完形填空题更侧重对语言应用能力(短语积累、上下文连贯)、阅读理解能力的考查。


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