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2015-2018中考英语写作范文难度比较

2018-11-21 10:06:02  来源:网络整理

  作文是我们中考的六大题型之一,失分率较高,也是拉分的一道题型。接下来我们结合近三年的书面表达一起来看书面表达写作思路!

  【中考书面表达评分标准】

  (一) 评分原则:

  内容和语言共计l5分。在评分时要以作文的整体谋篇和语言水平(看其是否地道)来评判。先确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,微调得分。最后,看其词数和卷面整洁程度,词数太少 (不到40个词) 或书写欠整洁的应酌情再扣l~2分,但不倒扣分。

  (二) 内容要点:

  1、文章应包括所提供的要点内容。

  2、个人提出的理由,表达要清楚。

  (三) 各档次的给分范围和要求:

  第六档:(13~l 5分)包含内容要点;语言基本无误;行文连贯,表达清楚。

  第五档:(10~12分)基本包含要点,遗漏少量次要点;语言有少量错误;行文基本连贯,表达基本清楚。

  第四档:(7~9分)包含部分要点;语言虽有较多错误,尚能达意。

  第三档:(4~6分)要点不明确;语言错误多,影响意思表达。

  第二档:(1-3分)只抄写了提示词;错误百出,不知所云。

  第一档:(0分) 白卷或文不对题。

  (四) 第六档有3分的差距,旨在鼓励写出优秀的作文。请根据考生佳作把握分寸。

  【2015年书面表达】

  根据下表用英语写一篇80词的短文,内容须包括:对下表中关于两个城市(City A和City B)的全部信息进行比较,分析利弊,确定其中一个城市作为你的暑假旅游目的地。

 

City  A

City  B

Flying

2  hours

4  hours

Temperature

30C

18C

Hotel

★★

★★★★

Things  to do

★★★★

★★

Food

★★

★★★★

  In my opinion, _________ is the better place to spend my summer holiday._______.

  ———————————————————————————————

  ———————————————————————————————

  ———————————————————————————————

  ————————————————————————

  分析:本篇书面表达是一篇议论文,下面是写作思路:

  1、审题——确定关键词:比较表格内全部信息、分析利弊、确定一个城市;

  2、组织思路——列出提纲和要点,分段落(首先确定城市,再根据表格五个方面信息进行比较,结合我们八年级上册形容词、副词比较级和最高级句型);

  参考范文A:

  In my opinion, City A is the better place to spend my summer holiday. Although the temperature there is higher, the hotel is less comfortable, and even the food is not as delicious as that in City B, I still choose City A. The most important reason is that I can have a lot of things to do in City A. I can enjoy more beautiful scenery and do more activities. Besides, it takes us only two hours to fly there, which saves us a lot of time. I hope the holiday will be an unforgettable experience.

  参考范文B:

  In my opinion, City B is the better place to spend my summer holiday. Although it takes me two more hours to fly there on an airplane, and I don’t have many things to do, I still choose City B. The most important reason is that City B has better weather, not too hot or too cold. Besides, the hotel there is more comfortable and the food is more delicious than that in City A. All these make my holiday more relaxing. I hope the coming summer holiday will be an unforgettable experience.

  【2016年书面表达】

  请查看你校英语节安排(Schedule),给你的外教老师Dave写一封80词左右的电子邮件,告知他调整的内容并给出你认为恰当的理由。

Schedule  for English Day

 

Date

Time

Activities

Place

June  21

12:30~14:00

13:00~14:30

English  Talk Show

Art  Theater

14:00~15:30

English  Speech Contest

Library

15:40~16:40

English  Corner

Playground

School  Hall

  Subject:

  From:

  To:

  Hi Dave,

  ———————————————————————————————

  ———————————————————————————————

  ———————————————————————————————

  ———————————————————————————————

  ———————————————————————————————

  ———————————————————————————————

  分析:

  1. 格式方面:文章为是书信、通知类,因为开头和结尾题干中都会给出,所以不必太担心。

  2. 审题方面:我们看到今年的写作要求,在文字叙述上非常的精炼,相对于平时练习的的真题模拟题来说,是有利于考生直接获取关键信息的。难点在于对表格中信息的处理,以及更改原因的语言组织。所以审题还是仍然要特别注意不要漏掉关键词和要求,保证信息的完整性。

  3. 构思方面:侧重点在内容的规划和语言表达上。尤其是要总结出通知中有变动的是部分的时间和地点。没有变动的内容我们不需要再重复一遍。所以考生只需要针对变动做出说明,并需要说明理由,但在所给的信息中完全没有涉及到原因,这就需要考生发挥创造性,所给理由既要合理,又要确保英文表达无误。这里是最考验考生的中英文转换能力,很容易出现中式英语的现象。

  4.结构方面: 要特别注意结构的完整性,开头可表示歉意,过渡到第二部分改变的内容及原因,结尾要体现礼貌和期望,希望外教老师能够到场,如果字数还不够,还可以说一下外教老师出席的必要性。

  参考范文

  Hi, Dave,

  I’m sorry to inform you that there are two changes to the schedule for English Day.Firstly, there will be a very important meeting after lunch in our school, so the English Talk Show will be put off by 30 minutes. That is, it starts at 13:00 and ends at 14:30. Secondly, the place of English Corner will be changed from Playground to School Hall because the weather report says it’s going to rain that afternoon.

  Please come and join us on time!

  Li Ping

  【2017年书面表达】

  假定你是李平,请你对意大利交换生Armino的邮件进行回复,词数80词左右。

 

To: Li Ping

From: Armino

Hi Li Ping,

How are you? I hope you’re fine and not  too busy! I can’t wait to leave for China next week. But could you tell me  something about Chinese table manners? What places of interest can I visit  when I am in your city?

See you soon!

 

Armino

 

To: Armino

From: Li Ping

Hi Armino

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Li Ping

  分析:2017年作文是关于我们九年级第十单元的餐桌礼仪部分以及介绍景点的内容。

  1. 格式方面:文章为是书信类,根据已有的邮件进行回复,开头和结尾已经给出。

  2. 审题方面:根据题目的信息可以看到,作文的要求是要根据邮件进行回信,所以需要我们对来信内容有很好地审核,主要包括两个方面,一是要介绍我们中国的餐桌礼仪,二是要介绍我们所在城市的著名景点。所以这两方面都要写到。从考查的内容看,这次的作文还是比较贴近课本,餐桌礼仪及景点介绍在我们书上都有接触到过,平时这类的作文也有练习过,所以平时每个单元的作文练习还是要引起重视。

  3. 构思方面:关于餐桌礼仪,九年级第十单元涉及到相关内容,尤其可以用到句型be supposed to do 的句型来表达。景点部分要抓住有特色或者较为著名的景点,可以直接举例杭州的有名景点进行描述。

  4.结构方面: 作文一定要注意格式和层次。经典的三段式:包括引入,得知远方朋友要来的寒暄;邮件问题的有效回复,包括餐桌礼仪及景点介绍的内容;最后特别注意结构的完整性,结尾要体现礼貌和期望。

  参考范文

  Hi Armino,

  I’m glad to hear from you and can’t wait to see you in China . (引入)

  I think I can give you some information about table manners in China and places of interests in my city. As far as you know, there are indeed some table manners in China that you should pay attention to. For example, when you have dinner with older people, you are not supposed to eat first. Besides, it’s impolite to point at anyone with chopsticks and talk with your mouth full. (给出餐桌礼仪)

  As for places of interests, Hangzhou is famous for the West Lake, the Hangzhou National Tea Museum, the Song Dynasty Town and so on. You can enjoy not only the beauty of the nature but also the culture of the Song Dynasty. (给出名胜古迹分析)

  I’m looking forward to seeing you!(结尾)

  Li Ping

  最后提醒同学们,书面表达需要坚持练习,作文写完后一定检查自己的语法错误、单词拼写和标点符号、首字母错误哦!

  【2018年书面表达】

  第二节: 书面表达(共1小题.满分15分)

  假定你是李平(TEL:1361234567).家住滨海市人民路1号.你在美国旅行期间,不慎遗失钱包,曾向宾馆询.以下是宾馆的答复邮件,请你阅读后进行回复,词数80左右.

From: Mr.Smith, hotel  manager

Hl Li Ping,

Thank you for your  email about your lost wallet.

Please sen me some  more information. When did you stay in our hotel and what room were you in?  Please describe your wallet. What was in it? Send me your address and phone  number.

All the best,

Mr.Smith

 

  解析:今年作文是关于我们七年级上第三单元的遗失启事的内容。

  1. 格式方面:文章为是书信类,根据已有的邮件进行回复,开头和结尾已经给出。

  2. 审题方面:根据题目的信息可以看到,作文的要求是要根据邮件进行回信,所以需要我们对来信内容有很好地审核,每个问题都需要回复。从考察的内容看,这次的作文还是比较贴近生活实际和课本,平时这类的作文也有练习过,所以平时每个单元的作文练习还是要引起重视。

  3.结构方面: 作文一定要注意格式和层次。感谢回复-清晰回答相关问题-提出归还请求-再次感谢。

  参考范文

  Dear Mr. Smith,

  Thank you so much for your reply. I stayed in your hotel on July 6 in Room 105 and I remember having left my new black wallet on the table. My ID card, two credit cards as well as a 100-dollar bill are in my wallet. Would you be kind enough to send me the wallet to No.1 Renmin Road, Binhai, China by mail if you find it?

  Please call me on my phone number 1361234567 if needed.

  Thanks again.(80词)

  Yours,

  Li Ping

 

  以上是为大家整理的:2015-2018中考英语写作范文难度比较 同学们还有其他学习上的问题,可拨打爱智康课程免费咨询热线电话:4000-121-121 .那里有专业的老师为大家解答。

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